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University of the Pacific
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Stockton, California 95211
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Research Misconduct and Non-Compliance

To send in information regarding Research and Misconduct and Non-Compliance, please email ethics@pacific.edu

Research Misconduct Defined
Research misconduct is defined as fabrication, falsification, or plagiarism in proposing, performing, or reviewing research, or in reporting research results.

  • Fabrication is making up data or result and recording and reporting them.
  • Falsification is manipulating research materials, equipment, or processes or changing or omitting data or results such that the research is not accurately represented in the research record.
  • Plagiarism is the appropriation of another person’s ideas, processes, results, or words without giving appropriate credit.
  • Research misconduct does not include honest error or differences of opinion.

Findings of Research Misconduct
A finding of research misconduct requires that:

  • There be a significant departure from accepted practices of the relevant research community; and
  • The misconduct be committed intentionally, or knowingly, or recklessly; and
  • The allegation be proven by a preponderance of evidence.

Research Misconduct and Non-Compliance examples include:

  • Human Subject Research
  • Animal Subject Research
  • Grant Whistleblower Protection Rights
  • Misuse of grant funds
  • Misuse of Research data/publication