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Geological and Environmental Sciences
Kathy Giottonini
Administrative Assistant
Pacific Geosciences Center
1051 West Mendocino Ave
Stockton, CA 95211

Learning Outcomes

The following list of Learning Outcomes provides a broad overview of the skills and knowledge that students majoring in the department are expected acquire.



Content Mastery

  • Describe the fundamental Earth systems and cycles including how they integrate sub-disciplines and cross traditional discipline boundaries and explain how they truly benefit society
  • Describe and identify common Earth materials and interpret their composition, origin and uses
  • Describe the processes operating at and beneath the Earth's surface, how those processes create the Earth's landscape, and how humans affect and are affected by the processes
  • Outline the broad physical and biological history of the planet and the evidence for that history and how the past can be used to anticipate future changes


  • Present geological information clearly in written, graphic and oral form
  • Interpret and quantify geological phenomena in the lab and in the field applying the scientific method using appropriate skills
  • Initiate and conduct research including hypothesis formation, literature research, and date collection and interpretation and present the results to a broader audience


  • Aware of the value of high ethical standards in one's professional conduct and stewardship of the Earth and its resources
  • Aware of the value of collaborative work, an appreciation for the contributions of others, and confidence in their ability to make valuable contributions
  • Value how earth science knowledge and skills can be used to address the grand challenges facing human society, including climate change, mass extinction, water resources, etc.