Decade of the '50s - A School of Pharmacy at University of the Pacific was first proposed in 1951, and in 1952 at the request of President Robert Burns, a small group of community pharmacists gathered for a discussion of the project. The California Pharmaceutical Association first discussed this project in 1953 and in July 1954 a motion before the association gave encouragement and support to Pacific to develop a school of pharmacy. Martin Winton of Fresno, who offered the motion, made the first contribution of $1,000 to support the plan. George J. Filpi, William E. McCown, Edward J. Burke, and Louis E. Shoneff, partners in Valley Wholesale Drug Co. of Stockton then offered their support and were among the first pharmacists who contributed substantial sums to assist the project in its inception.
The School's first interim dean, Dr. Bertholf, was appointed by Pacific's Board of Regents in March of 1955. By August 1955, Dr. Ivan W. Rowland, dean of the College of Pharmacy at Idaho State University had been interviewed and offered the deanship of California's new third school of pharmacy, located at Pacific. Dr. Rowland brought the first Pacific Pharmacy professor, Emmons E. Roscoe, with him from Idaho State and together, with Mrs. Bullard as staff, started the first class in Weber Hall Rooms 102 and 104 on February 1, 1956. They were joined by Carl Riedesel and Ina Pearson (also from Idaho State) in 1957. Cisco Kihara and Donald Barker came from Manitoba and joined the faculty in 1958. This group formed the "Founding Faculty."
ACPE awarded full accreditation to Pacific's School of Pharmacy in 1959 and the first graduation ceremony for 16 seniors (15 men and 1 woman) was held in June 1959. By the next year, the school had reached an enrollment of 250 students. The first grant for research support came from the U.S. Department of the Navy. The first graduate student, Cisco Kihara, completed work for a master's degree in physiology-pharmacology in 1961. She became a beloved member of the faculty.
Decade of the '60s - In the early '60s it was determined that a new facility was needed to house the School of Pharmacy. A conversation between Dean Rowland and Henry Herold, a member of the Pfeiffer Research Foundation, resulted in a $150,000 challenge grant to build a new building. In August 1964, the U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare granted $1,624,683 to assist the efforts in erecting a $3 million building. Building began in 1966 on the new $4.1 million facility and was completed on schedule in September, 1969.
Decade of the ‘70s - The seventies represented several major innovations for the School of Pharmacy beginning with the first six-year Doctor of Pharmacy program degrees being granted to members of the class of 1970. The first accelerated three year, trimester, program in the nation was initiated with the class entering in Fall 1970. Although the new building on the north campus was occupied in the Fall of 1969, it was officially dedicated by the Board of Regents on April 23, 1971.
Other milestones that dominated the 70s included the establishment of the first Office of Pharmacy Student Affairs, with Ralph L. Saroyan serving as the inaugural Director, and the initiation by Saroyan of California's very first school- sponsored early experiential learning, "externship" program to be known as the "Preceptor Intern Program." This was followed by the establishment of Pacific's Clinical Clerkship program for Pharm.D. candidates, developed by Dr. James C. King, resulting in a new competency-based curriculum including didactic and experiential components, a first in the school's history. These two new innovative decentralized programs using sites throughout California and Hawaii not only improved the learning experience for Pacific students, but were instrumental in the Board of Pharmacy decision to reduce the required number of intern hours from 1900 to 1500 in the mid-70s. In 1973 Pacific graduated the largest class in school history with the convergence of the last four year class with the first class of the accelerated three year program. These were exciting times at Pacific's School of Pharmacy.
Decade of the '80s - The development and expansion of the clinical program dominated much of the '80s with a significant increase in clinical faculty through new hires and the implementation of the requirement that every third-year student complete 6 x 6-week clinical rotations. Founding Dean Ivan Rowland retired in 1980 and Louis C. Martinelli, PhD, dean of Creighton University School of Pharmacy in Omaha, was appointed dean. He served at Pacific until February 1983.
Warren J. Schneider, PhD, DVM, was appointed acting dean in March 1983, and was named dean in August, serving until his death in February 1984. Robert B. Supernaw, PharmD, was named acting dean the following day, having served as associate dean for academic affairs since 1983. Donald L. Sorby, PhD, who had been dean of the University of Missouri School of Pharmacy for ten years, was chosen in November 1984 to lead the school. Dr. Sorby provided the school the continuity needed to build, sustain and nourish partnerships, alumni relations and the solidification of critical components of the curriculum.
Decade of the '90s and the new century - Donald Sorby retired in 1995 after 11 years as dean. That fall, Pacific President Donald V. DeRosa appointed Dr. Supernaw as interim dean for another term, until the appointment of Phillip R. Oppenheimer, PharmD, in September 1997. Dr. Oppenheimer came to Pacific from USC where he had been associate dean and, for 24 years, a member of the faculty. In 1998, Pacific's Regents approved a change of name for the school to School of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, reflecting the addition of Physical Therapy and Speech-Language Pathology as degrees offered in the school. In 2000, Alina Chen became the first student to complete the PharmD/PhD program which was established as part of the Pharmaceutical and Chemical Science Program in 2000. The school again saw its name changed in January 2001, when President DeRosa announced that the Regents, in accepting a $13 million grant from the Thomas J. Long Foundation had renamed the school the Thomas J. Long School of Pharmacy and Health Sciences. This naming honored and recognized a financial commitment of more than $20 million made to the School by the Thomas J. Long Foundation and the Thomas J. Long family since 1985, as well as an even longer relationship with the school since its inception. Groundbreaking for the new learning center was held on February 12, 2002. The new clinics and classroom building opened in 2003 to house clinic facilities for Physical Therapy, Speech-Language Pathology, Pharmacy and Dental Hygiene, as well as much needed classroom space and a 225-seat, state-of-the-art lecture hall.
Under the tenure of Dean Oppenheimer, the faculty, staff, and students have accomplished much in the way of raising Pacific Pharmacy and Health Sciences to the "Next Level of Excellence" and the establishment of a student-centered educational experience at Pacific. The 1997-98 accreditation review resulted in an increase of seven new faculty positions and a new coordinated pharmacy curriculum. Other curriculum advances included a PharmD/MBA dual degree program; a student laptop program; new admission guidelines for the pharmaceutical and chemical science graduate program as well as the development of four internship sites for graduate students. After a full review in March 2010, the School received its third consecutive full six year reaccreditation.
The school has refurbished faculty offices, research labs, allocated more than $1 million for new research equipment, renovated the science library into a high-tech, modern information commons, created seven smart classrooms in existing facilities besides the new clinics and classroom building, upgraded and improved the lecture hall in the rotunda, created a pharmaceutical care lab dedicated to Dr. Donald Barker, expanded recruiting efforts, updated school governance, increased scholarship endowments, raised the standard for consistently higher board passage rates, improved chemical and vivarium safety, created eight new regions for clinical experience for pharmacy students, implemented the Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience Program, and has seen faculty research grants total more than $2 million dollars with NIH and NSF grant participation high and more than 95% of faculty published.
In fall 2009, the School implemented the new doctor of pharmacy curriculum which sought to expand student opportunities to demonstrate their abilities. Revisions included an enhancement of the existing curriculum focusing on the ability to problem solve and think critically. Additionally, it incorporated an expanded Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience through diversified fields of experience emphasizing pharmacy-directed care and public health. The new curriculum also included an increased emphasis on early practice experience and problem solving while maintaining solid development in the basic and applied pharmaceutical sciences.
The School has added three additional programs. A Master of Science in Industrial Pharmaceutics in collaboration with Alliance Institute, Hyderabad, India was instituted in 2010 followed by the Bachelor of Applied Science degree in 2013. In addition, the School launched the new Combined Master of Science in Pharmaceutical Sciences and Fellowship in Pharmacy Practice in fall 2013.
In addition to the changes in the pharmacy program, the School has renewed and invigorated alumni programs in both physical therapy and speech-language pathology, expanded faculty, increased salaries, implemented curriculum changes, implemented a Doctor of Physical Therapy degree, achieved renewed full accreditation and self-studies for both programs and increased clinic activity, grants and contracts.
Students continue to be leaders in the field and in the community. Each year the School's students host nearly 100 community health fairs impacting thousands of individuals and dedicating more than 4,000 hours to benefit community members.
In spring 1985, Pacific established a program of study leading to the Master of Science degree in Physical Therapy. Responsibility for the program was assigned jointly to Pharmacy and the Graduate School. A Physical Therapy department was established within the School of Pharmacy and Jean I. Baldwin, PhD, was appointed its founding chair in June 1985. She served until her retirement in 1990. Additional faculty were recruited in 1986 and 1987.
The first complement of 30 students enrolled in the program in fall of 1986 and graduated in August 1988. The department received Candidate Status for Accreditation from the American Physical Therapy Association that same year. Full accreditation was awarded in March 1988. Full reaccreditation for eight years was granted in 1994 and for 10 years in 2002. Graduates from Pacific's program are invited to sit for the licensure examination.
In spring 1995, the University established a post-professional Master of Science to prepare practicing physical therapists beyond the professional-education level for skills, knowledge and problem solving strategies. The first graduates under this program completed degree work in August 1997. Carolyn Hultgren, MPH, PT, who had served as interim chair since Dr. Baldwin's retirement in 1990, was appointed to succeed Dr. Baldwin in January 1992. At that time, Darcy Umphred, PhD, PT was appointed vice chair. Carolyn Hultgren retired in December of 2001 and Dr. Darcy Umphred was appointed department chair in August of 2001. Dr. Cathy Peterson, PT, EdD, was appointed interim department chair in December, 2003 and department chair in July, 2004. On August 1, 2011, Dr. Christine R. Wilson, PT, DPT was appointed as department chair and served in that capacity until she retired in 2014 after 11 years of service at the School. Dr. Sandra Reina-Guerra '97, '99, '03 was appointed as the new Department Chair effective August 1, 2014.
In 2002, Pacific's Board of Regents granted the Department and School the right to transition the Master of Science degree to a Doctor of Physical Therapy degree (DPT). The first DPT class graduated in fall 2005. The department also offered transitional DPT degree programs to priority graduates and master clinicians within the profession of physical therapy during the summers of 2003 and 2004.
Since the beginning of the Physical Therapy Program, graduates have attained levels of distinction. Many graduates have gone on to be recognized by the American Physical Therapy Association as advanced clinical specialists, while others have attained leadership levels with local, state and national organizations.
The program received a full 10-year reaccreditation from the American Physical Therapy Association in fall 2010.
Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology
The program in Communicative Disorders at the University of the Pacific began during the 1930s. It was located in the Department of Speech in the College of the Pacific. In 1936, Roy C. McCall, PhD, and Velma Hooper McCall, MA, joined the faculty after completing graduate degrees at the University of Iowa.
In 1937, the first course in speech-language pathology, Corrective Speech Methods, was taught. In 1939, a new major in Speech Correction was added to Dramatic Art, Public Speaking and Speech within the department. For the past 72 years, the supervised clinical practice that students receive at Pacific has been the foundation of the educational process. Students majoring in Speech Corrections in 1939 were expected to reserve their emphasis upon the study of corrective speech until the graduate year. Speech-Language Pathology was designed from its beginnings to be a graduate program. The first thesis for a Master of Arts degree in Speech Correction was completed by William Owen Pugh in June 1947, "A Syllabus of Techniques for Correction of Speech Defects."
The University Speech and Hearing Center began in 1946 with Dr. Roy McCall serving as its first director. A major change in the program occurred in 1948 when Howard L. Runion, PhD, became the chair. Under his direction, the speech correction credential for public schools was established in 1949. Dr. Runion served as chair for 20 years and led the expansion of program course offerings and the Speech and Hearing Clinic.
In 1970, the major, Speech Corrections, was changed to speech-language pathology in the Division of Communication Sciences in the Department of Communication. The speech-language pathology program became the Division of Communication Sciences in the Department of Communication Arts and Sciences. The speech-language pathology program achieved departmental status in 1972 under the direction of Kenneth Perrin, PhD, who helped establish the Department of Communicative Disorders. This began a major period of growth, with a master's degree program receiving accreditation by the American Speech-Language Hearing Association (ASHA) in 1973.
This program has maintained its ASHA accreditation continuously since 1973. Dr. Perrin remained chair until 1977 when he left the University for an administrative position with ASHA. In August 1978, the clinic moved to the south campus, made possible by a major donation from the Irvine Foundation. It included 15 clinic rooms for supervised clinical experience, making it the largest university speech and hearing center in California. The next chair, Roy J. Timmons, PhD, led the department until 1987.
Virginia Puich, MS, served as chair from 1987 until 1993, retiring in 1997. Dr. Puich's former students honored her with the Virginia Puich Endowed Scholarship Fund, which was first awarded in May 1999. Robert E. Hanyak, AuD, served as chair from 1993 to 1999. The Speech and Hearing Center was remodeled in 1995 adding 1,000 square feet of additional office and clinic space. A departmental computer lab was established in 1997, funded through the generosity of alumni.
Pacific's Speech, Hearing and Language Center was transformed in 1997 when a partnership and long-term contract between Pacific and the local Stockton Scottish Rite Language Center was established. As a result, children under 18 receive free speech and language services, while adults are seen at Pacific's campus clinic. In August of that year, Communicative Disorders was administratively assigned to the School of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, and in August 1999, the department took its professional name, Speech-Language Pathology. In October 2000, the center moved to its location next to the Thomas J. Long School of Pharmacy and Health Sciences facilities on the North Campus, and in June 2003, the department and adult clinic moved into the new Chan Family Health Sciences Learning Center and Clinics Building.
Simalee Smith-Stubblefield, MA, chaired the department from 2000 to 2005. Through her leadership, Pacific's Speech-Language Pathology Alumni Association was formed. The department has also established an advantage program for Pacific undergraduate students. Ms. Smith-Stubblefield stepped down as chair in September 2005 to become clinic director and director of Summer Sessions. Through the generosity of the Hedco Foundation, the Audiology (hearing) Clinic was established in 2004. Robert Hanyak, AuD, is the current department chair.
The Council on Academic Accreditation in Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology (CAA) voted to reaccredit the graduate education program in speech-Language pathology for a period of 8 years (a full accreditation cycle) beginning Nov. 1, 2011 through Oct. 31, 2019.
On March 7, 2014 the University dedicated the New San Francisco Campus, Home of the Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry and the Thomas J. Long School of Pharmacy and Health Sciences Doctor of Audiology program. Pacific's AuD program will be the first in Northern California. It will be one of four accelerated programs in the country, and the only one in California. This program will be located on the new San Francisco campus with clinics on both the San Francisco and Stockton campuses. This three-year accelerated program will serve a cohort of 20-22 students per year and will draw students with undergraduate majors in speech-language pathology, biology, and pre-health.This three-year accelerated program will serve a cohort of 20-22 students per year and will draw students with any undergraduate majors but especially those majoring in Speech-Language Pathology, Biology, and Pre-Health.
The first class of Pacific's Doctor of Audiology students will begin in the Fall of 2015, pending approval by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC) and the two audiology accrediting agencies, the Council on Academic Accreditation (CAA) in Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association and the Accreditation Commission for Audiology Education (ACAE). The Doctor of Audiology (Au.D.) education program at the University of the Pacific is currently seeking candidacy status of the Council on Academic Accreditation (CAA) in Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, 2200 Research Boulevard, #310, Rockville, MD 20850, 800-498-2071 or 301-296-5700.
With the addition of the doctor of audiology program, the department changed its name to the Department of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology. Dr. Rupa Balachandran, PhD, was appointed as the Audiology Program Director and Associate Professor of Audiology on August 1, 2014.