Title IX Information and Resources
No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subject to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance - Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972
Title IX prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in educational programs and activities receiving federal financial assistance. The University of the Pacific is committed to providing an environment free from discrimination on the basis of sex. The University provides many resources to students, faculty, staff, and members of the Pacific community to address concerns relating to discrimination on the basis of sex and sexual harassment, including acts of sexual violence, all of which are forms of sex discrimination prohibited by Title IX.
Offices and Resources
Department of Public Safety - Public Safety is available as a first option to report a crime. Also provides an escort service on-campus (STRIPE) to any student. Available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
Office of Student Conduct and Community Standards - Student Conduct supports Pacific's mission by reviewing and resolving alleged violations of the Student Code of Conduct and University Policies in a fair, honest, and socially just manner that honors the needs and protects the safety of individual students and the Pacific community.
Human Resources - Human Resources manages employment opportunities, benefits, and employee policies and procedures for University employees. The department promotes staff development, conducts training, and provides resources to support employees in their day-to-day operations.
Athletic Department - The University of the Pacific is committed and obligated to the principle of institutional control in operating its athletics program in a manner that is consistent with the letter and the spirit of NCAA, conference, and University rules and regulations. Each individual involved in intercollegiate athletics is obligated to maintain competency in knowledge of the rules; to act within his or her realm of responsibility in full compliance with the governing legislation; and to report any violation of NCAA, conference, and /or institutional rules of which he or she is aware.
University Title IX Coordinator: The University Title IX Coordinator ensures that complaints are handled in accordance with established policies and procedures. For questions and concerns relating to Title IX compliance, please contact:
Lynn King, Assistant Vice President of Student Life, Stockton campus (Hand Hall 133): firstname.lastname@example.org or 209.946.2889
Title IX Deputy Coordinators
Jane Lewis, Assistant Vice President of Human Resources (Human Resources 122): email@example.com or 209.946.2125
Sally Coleman, Associate Director of Human Resources, Stockton campus (Human Resources 123): firstname.lastname@example.org or 209.946.3907
Heather Dunn Carlton, Director of Student Conduct and Community Standards, Stockton Campus (Hand Hall 115 & 123): email@example.com or 209.946.2936
Kara Bell, Director of Human Resources, San Francisco campus (Dugoni School of Dentistry 406A): firstname.lastname@example.org or 415.929.6454
Elisa Levy, Director of Human Resources, Sacramento campus (Dean's Office Building): email@example.com or 916.739.7343
Confidential Victims' Advocate - Victim Advocate is a trained professional available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week to discuss an incident of sexual assault in a private setting, to help a victim decide which reporting options are best, and to make referrals to the appropriate support services.
Religious and Spiritual Life - Religious and Spiritual Life provides confidential ongoing pastoral and spiritual care.
Pacific Health Services - Pacific Health Services provides medical care and confidential supportive counseling and psychological services.
Counseling and Psychological Services (CAPS) - CAPS provides assistance to students who are encountering depression, anxiety, adjustment problems and/or who are experiencing emotional distress. Our therapists are trained to aid students in building self-confidence, making healthy choices, choosing assertive communication, relating to others, developing/solidifying identity, and working with more serious mental health concerns. In addition, CAPS offers psychiatric medication management, crisis consultation, and outreach programming.
Frequently Asked Questions on Title IX
- What is Title IX?
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 was the first comprehensive federal law to prohibit sex discrimination against students and employees of educational institutions. It is one of several federal and state antidiscrimination laws that define and ensure equality in education. The regulations implementing Title IX, published in 1975, prohibit discrimination, exclusion, denial, limitation, or separation based on gender. Title IX states:
No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.
- Who is protected under Title IX?
Title IX covers men and women, boys and girls, staff and students in any educational institution receiving federal funding.
- Does Title IX mostly apply to athletics?
Although it is the application of Title IX to athletics that has gained the greatest public visibility, the law applies to every aspect of education, including admissions and recruitment, comparable facilities, access to course offerings, access to schools of vocational education, counseling and counseling materials, financial assistance, student health and insurance benefits and/or services, housing, marital and parental status of students, physical education and athletics, education programs and activities, and employment.
- What does Title IX cover?
Title IX covers sexual violence. Sexual violence means physical sexual acts perpetrated against a person's will or where a person is incapable of giving consent. A number of acts fall into the category of sexual violence, including rape, sexual assault, sexual battery, and sexual coercion. Title IX also covers sexual harassment.
- Does Title IX cover sexual harassment?
Title IX regulations explicitly prohibit sex discrimination which includes harassment, and a number of recent U.S. Supreme Court decisions have clarified how the law should be applied in this area. In particular, the unanimous Franklin v. Gwinnett decision (1992) held that Title IX prohibits sexual harassment and allows victims to recover damages from institutions that violate the statute. Gebser v. Lago Vista (1997) limited the availability of money damages by requiring plaintiffs to prove "deliberate indifference" and prior knowledge by the school administration in cases where teachers or other educational staff sexually harassed students. In the most recent decision, Davis v. Monroe (1999), the Court held that schools may be liable for peer (student-to-student) sexual harassment.
- Do the harassing student and victim have to be of the opposite sex?
No. As long as the harassment is on the basis of sex, it does not need to come from a student of the opposite sex to be prohibited by Title IX.
- Does Title IX benefit only girls and women?
Title IX benefits everyone-women and men. The law requires educational institutions to maintain policies, practices, and programs that do not discriminate against anyone on the basis of gender. Elimination of discrimination against women has received more attention because females have historically faced greater gender restrictions and barriers in education. However, Title IX has also benefited men and boys. Continued efforts to achieve educational equity have benefited all students by moving toward the creation of school environments where all students can learn and achieve the highest standards.
- Does Title IX require women and men to be given the same resources?
Title IX requires equal educational opportunities to participate in the full range of extracurricular activities, equal opportunity to access all courses and programs, and equal opportunity to participate in athletics.